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History & Social Geography


Notes on Sources
Coal River 101
 
History of Coal River Part 1: 
Dilger, Robert J. and Joseph M. White, “Boone County History.” West Virginia Department of Political Science. http://www.polsci.wvu.edu/wv/Boone/boohistory.html. August 1, 2000. Accessed March 3, 2009.

Hufford, Mary, curator, Tending the Commons. “Landscape and History at the Headwaters of the Big Coal River Valley: An Overview.” The Library of Congress: American Memory Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia. From the Library of Congress, http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/collections/tending/. 8.
 
Hufford, Mary. 2008. Ethnographic Overview and Assessment of the New River National River and the Gauley River National Recreation Area. Boston: National Park Service and Philadelphia: Center for Folklore and Ethnography, University of Pennsylvania.
 
Myer, William Edward. 1928. Indian Trails of the Southeast.  Washington, D.C.: U.S. Bureau of American Ethnology.
 
Summers, Lewis Preston. 1903. History of Southwest Virginia, 1746-1786, Washington County, 1777-1870. Richmond, VA: J.L. Hill.

Wood, Jim. Raleigh County, West Virginia. Raleigh County Historical Society. BJW Printing and Office Supplies: Beckley, Wv 1994. 



History of Coal River Part 2: 

Bradford, Rick. Edwight, at the Mouth of The Hazy. 

Freese, Barbara. Coal, A Human History. Cambridge: Perseus Publishing. 2003. 

Hufford, Mary, curator, Tending the Commons. “Landscape and History at the Headwaters of the Big Coal River Valley: An Overview.” The Library of Congress: American Memory Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia. From the Library of Congress, http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/collections/tending/. 
 
Mannin, Robert. The First 50 Years of Strip Mining in West Virginia. 

Rasmussen, Barbara. Absentee Landowning & Exploration in West Virginia, 1760 – 1920. University Press of Kentucky Press.1994. 

Ross, Bill. Interviewed by Jen Osha. November 6, 2008. Aurora Lights.

Savage, Lon. Thunder in the Mountains: The West Virginia Mine War, 1920-1921. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. 1990. 

Schnayerson, Michael. Coal River. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux. 2008.
 
Wood, Jim. Raleigh County, West Virginia. Raleigh County Historical Society. BJW Printing and Office Supplies: Beckley, WV.1994.
 


Outmigration:
 
Betty Ross. Interviewed by Jen Osha. November 6, 2008. Aurora Lights.
 
Bradford, Rick. Interviewed by Jen Osha. November 21, 2008. Aurora Lights.

Hufford, Mary, curator, Tending the Commons. “Landscape and History at the Headwaters of the Big Coal River Valley: An Overview.” The Library of Congress. American Memory Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia. From the Library of Congress, http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/collections/tending/. 

Jarrell, Debbie. Interviewed by Jen Osha. November 5, 2008. Aurora Lights.

Meadows, James. Interviewed by Jen Osha. December 4, 2008. Aurora Lights.

Nelson, Chuck. Interviewed by Jen Osha. November 21, 2008. Aurora Lights.

Wood, Jim. Raleigh County, West Virginia. Raleigh County Historical Society. BJW Printing and Office Supplies: Beckley, Wv.1994. 


Lifestyle Changes:

Cottrell, Kenny. Interviewed by Jen Osha. November 19, 2008. Aurora Lights.

Hufford, Mary, curator, Tending the Commons. “Landscape and History at the Headwaters of the Big Coal River Valley: An Overview.” The Library of Congress: American Memory Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia. From the Library of Congress, http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/collections/tending/. 25.   


Meadows, James. Interviewed by Jen Osha. December 4, 2008. Aurora Lights.

Pettry, Phil. Interview by Mary Hufford. November 21, 1997. The Library of Congress: American Memory Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia. From the Library of Congress. http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/collections/tending/.

Ross, Betty. Interviewed by Jen Osha. November 6, 2008. Aurora Lights.
 
Ross, Mark. Interviewed by Jen Osha. November 6, 2008. Aurora Lights.

Wiley, Ed. Interviewed by Jen Osha. Summer 2008. Aurora Lights.



Absentee Landownership:

Barrett, Quentin. “How Land Companies Formed and How they Function.” Interviewed by Mary Hufford, December 4, 1996. Tending the Commons, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress.

Bradford, Rick. Interviewed by Jen Osha. November 21, 2008. Aurora Lights.
 

Gaventa, John. "The Political Economy of Land Tenure: Appalachia and the Southeast." Land Tenure Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison Press. 1995.

Rasmussen, Barbara. Absentee Landowning & Exploration in West Virginia, 1760 – 1920. University Press of Kentucky Press. 1994. 

Wood, Jim. Raleigh County, West Virginia. Raleigh County Historical Society. BJW Printing and Office Supplies: Beckley, Wv. 1994.



Coal River Mountain:


Current Land Use:

Bonds, Judy. Interviewed by Jen Osha. Aurora Lights.

Haltom, Vernon. Interviewed by Jen Osha. Aurora Lights.


Community Land Use:

Boyer, Jefferson C.  “Reinventing the Appalachian Commons,” in The Global Idea of ‘the Commons’.  Edited by Donald M. Nonini, 89-114.  New York: Berghahn Books, 2008.

Halstead, Randy. Interviewed by Mary Huffard. October 26, 1995. The Library of Congress: American Memory Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia. From the Library of Congress, http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/collections/tending/.

Hufford, Mary. 2009. Ethnographic Overview and Assessment, New River National River and Gauley River National Recreation Area.  Boston: National Park Service.  http://www.sas.upenn.edu/folklore/center/NGR_report_final.pdf

Hufford, Mary. 1998. "Weathering the Storm: Cultural Survival in an Appalachian Valley." In An Appalachian Tragedy: Air Pollution and Tree Death in the Eastern Forests of North America,  eds. Harvard Ayres, Jenny Hager, and Charles Little. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, pp. 146-159. http://www.sas.upenn.edu/folklore/faculty/mhufford/Weathering.pdf

Ross, Betty. Interviewed by Jen Osha. November 6, 2008. Aurora Lights.

Thompson, Ernie. Interviewed by Jen Osha. Aurora Lights.



Underground Mining:

Meadows, Jimmy. Interviewed by Jen Osha. December 4, 2009. Aurora Lights.


Forest Resources and Timbering:

 
Braun, E. Lucy. 2001 [1950]. The Deciduous Forests of Eastern North America. Blackburn Press.
 
Clarkson, R.B. Tumult on the Mountains: Lumbering in West Virginia.  Parsons: McClain Printing Company.1964.
 
Constanz, George. 2004. Hollows, Peepers and Highlanders: An Appalachian Mountain Ecology.  Morgantown: WVU Press.
 
Davis, D.E. Where There Are Mountains: An Environmental History of the Southern Appalachians. Athens: University of Georgia Press. 2000.
 
Eller, Ron. Miners, Millhands, and Mountaineers.
 
Hicks, R.  1998.  Ecology and Management of Central Hardwood Forests. Wiley and Sons.
 
Lewis, R.  1998. Transforming the Appalachian Countryside: Railroads, Deforestation, and Social Change in West Virginia, 1880-1920. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. 
 
Stephenson, S.L.  1993. Upland Forests of West Virginia.  Parsons:  McClain Printing.


The Brushy Fork Slurry Impoundment:

Thompson, Ernie. Interviewed by Jen Osha. Aurora Lights

 
Hazy & Shumates
 
Bradford, Rick.  Coal River: Through my Lens.
 
Bradford. Edwight, at the Mouth of The Hazy.
 
Burns, Shirley Stewart. “Bringing Down the Mountains: the Impact of Mountaintop Removal on Southern West Virginia Communities”   Morgantown: West Virginia University Press. 2007.
 
Hufford, Mary. 1997. “American Ginseng and the Idea of the Commons.” FolklifeCenterNews. Washington, D.C.: American Folklife Center, Library of Congress.http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/collections/tending/essay1a.html
 
Hufford, Mary 1998. “Ramp Suppers, Biodiversity and the Integrity of Mountains.” FolklifeCenterNews. Washington, D.C.: American Folklife Center, Library of Congress. http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/collections/tending/essay4a.html
 
Hufford, Mary. 2006. Molly Mooching on Bradley Mountain.” Gastronimica: Journal of Food and Culture.  6 (2): 49-56.  http://www.sas.upenn.edu/folklore/faculty/mhufford/MollyMooching.pdf
 
Rasmussen, Barbara. Absentee Landowning & Exploration in West Virginia, 1760 – 1920. University Press of Kentucky Press. 1994.

Schnayerson, Michael. Coal River. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux. 2008.
 
Mountaintop Removal

Definitions:

Burns, Shirley Stewart. “Bringing Down the Mountains: the Impact of Mountaintop Removal on Southern West Virginia Communities”   Morgantown: West Virginia University Press. 2007.

Hufford, Mary.  2009. “Mountaintop Removal.” Encyclopedia of Environmental Ethics and Philosophy Vol. II. Eds. J. Baird Callicott and Robert Frodeman.  Detroit: Gale. Pp. 63-68.

 

Wind Versus MTR for Coal River Mountain: The Economic Debate:

Downstream Strategies, "The Long-Term Economic Benefits of Wind versus Mountaintop Removal Coal on Coal River Mountain," West Virginia," (2008), p. 45.

Downstream Strategies, p. 1.

Downstream Strategies, p. 35.

Downstream Strategies, p. viii.


The Coal River Wind Campaign:

Downstream Strategies. "The Long-Term Economic Benefits of Wind vs. Mountaintop Removal Coal on Coal River Mountain, West Virginia" (2008), p. 15.

Energy Information Administration, "Net Generation by State by Type of Producer by Energy Source." Available here.

Downstream Strategies, p. viii.


Introduction to Coal River Wind:

Reece, Erik. 
Lost Mountain, A Year in the Vanishing Wilderness:  Radical Strip-Mining and the Devastation of Appalachia. New York: Riverhead Books (2006), p. 202.